Laser Cutting & Laser Engraving Materials with CNC Lasers

Engraving Tests

With the PLH3D series engraving laser heads, many types of materials can be cut and engraved. Engraving is much simpler as the generation of the G-code requires only one pass at an appropriately selected speed. Many materials thicker than 0.5-1.5 mm require several passes for the laser to cut the entire depth. The exceptions are foam and some soft materials, which in some cases can be cut with up to 10 mm Passs. The cutting method depends on the structure of the material and its density. Plexiglas, for example, as well as hard plywood, are more difficult to cut and, depending on the type, may require several passes to cut through 1 mm of material thickness.

Information About Engraving Possibilities

MaterialCutMark / EngraveMax thickness tested with a cut
Paper 0.1 mm / 0.003"
Cardboard (hard) 3 mm / 0.118"
Cardboard (flute, wave) 6 mm / 0.236"
Balsa 10 mm / 0.393"
Plywood (soft) 6 mm / 0.236"
Plywood (hard) 3 mm / 0.118"
Wood 3 mm / 0.118"
Rubber (dark)1 1.5 mm / 0.059"
T-Shirt 0.5 mm / 0.019"
Jeans 0.8 mm / 0.031"
Plexiglass (color)3 3 mm / 0.118"
Plastic (dark) 1 mm / 0.039"
Artificial Leather 2 mm / 0.078"
Real Leather 2 mm / 0.078"
Felt 3 mm / 0.118"
Nylon 0.2 mm / 0.007"
Glass Reinforced Foil2 0.5 mm / 0.019"
Thermal Pad (foam) 3 mm / 0.118"
Thermal Pad (textile) 0.3 mm / 0.011"
Stretch Foil (dark) 0.005 mm / 0.0001"
Lead Foil 0.5 mm / 0.019"
Kapton Foil 0.2 mm / 0.007"
Foam (dark) 25 mm / 0.984"
PCB --
Carbon --
Glass (painted) --
Metal (painted) --
Stainless Steel --
Titanium --
Aluminum, Copper, Brass --

Notes:

  1. There are many types of rubber. High-temperature resistant rubber is not possible to cut. The laser may leave he mark on the surface in such case.
  2. It depends on the density of the glass threads and their thickness.
  3. It depends on the color, dark colors are much easier to cut. Transparent plexiglass is not possible to cut
Engraving Speed for PLH3D-2W 1 [mm/s]Engraving Speed for PLH3D-6W-XF 1 [mm/s]Engraving Speed for PLH3D-6W-uSpot [mm/s]Engraving Speed for PLH3D-15W [mm/s]
Best Focus2 Square Spot3 Best Focus2 Square Spot3 Best Focus2 Square Spot3 Best Focus2
Leather >80 24 >80 45 >80 60 160
Soft Plywood 15 9 >80 33 >80 45
Cardboard >80 45 >80 >80 >80 >80
White Paper 12 6 >80 21 >80 27
Black Anodized Aluminum >80 >80 33
Stainless Steel 1.5* 15* 1.5* 6
*Marking, not Engraving.

Notes:

  1. Equipped with High Resolution Engraving Lens for maximum engraving performance.
  2. Engraving plane is set exactly at focus plane
  3. Engraving plane is placed 4.4 mm / 0.173" ( for PLH3D-6W-XF and PLH3D-2W) and 1.8 mm / 0.070" (for PLH3D-6W-uSpot) from focus plane to achive symetrical square spot
Balsa
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
10 mm 60 mm 9 mm/s 10
Hardwood (Plywood)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
4 mm 60 mm 7.5 mm/s 13
3-layers cardboard
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
1.4 mm 60 mm 15 mm/s 3
5-layers cardboard
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
5 mm 60 mm 10 mm/s 4
Binder board
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
2.3 mm 60 mm 5 mm/s 5
Fiber-reinforced foil
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.3 mm 60 mm 3 mm/s 1
Full Grain Leather
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
1.5 mm 60 mm 2.5 mm/s 2
Green Ortalion
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.1 mm 60 mm 150 mm/s 1
Jeans
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.5 mm 60 mm 8 mm/s 1
Rubber
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.5 mm 60 mm 15 mm/s 2
Silicon Pad
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.3 mm 90 mm 5 mm/s 1
T-Shirt
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.5 mm 60 mm 25 mm/s 1
Tablecloath
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.25 mm 60 mm 4 mm/s 1
Balsa
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
2 mm 60 mm 38 mm/s 7
Balsa
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
3 mm 60 mm 38 mm/s 10
Balsa
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
10 mm 60 mm 22.5 mm/s 10
Cardboard Laser Cutting
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
5 mm 60 mm 10 mm/s 4
Wood Laser Engraving
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
N/A 60 mm 40 mm/s 1
ABS - Engraving
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
N/A 60 mm 50 mm/s 1
Black PET
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.3 mm 60 mm 25 mm/s 1
Fiber-Reinforced Foil – Dark
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.3 mm 60 mm 3 mm/s 1
Full Grain Leather
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
1.5 mm 60 mm 15 mm/s 23
Green Ortalion
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.1 mm 60 mm 150 mm/s 1
Red Rubber
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
3 mm 60 mm 15 mm/s 21
Tablecloath
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.25 mm 60 mm 8 mm/s 2
T-shirt
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.5 mm 60 mm 35 mm/s 1
Thermal Pad
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.3 mm 60 mm 5 mm/s 1
Foam EVA
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
9.85 mm 60 mm 25 mm/s 4
Polyfoam
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
15 mm 60 mm 8 mm/s 10
Green Pad
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.5 mm 60 mm 6 mm/s 1
Green Plexiglass
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
3.0 mm 60 mm 5 mm/s 29
Red Plexiglass
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
3 mm 60 mm 6 mm/s 23
PCB-Soldermask
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
N/A 60 mm 100 mm/s 1
Anodized Aluminum - Marking
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
N/A 30 mm 50 mm/s 1
Painted Metal - Marking
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
N/A 60 mm 15 mm/s 1
Stainless Steel - Marking
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
N/A 60 mm 0.5 mm/s 1
Stainless Steel - Marking
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
1.5 mm 30 mm 3 mm/s 1
Red sleeve Anodized Aluminium - Marking
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
N/A 60 mm 10-80 mm/s 1
Blue Sleeve Anodized Aluminium - Marking
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
N/A 30 mm 50 mm/s 1
Gold Sleeve Anodized Aluminium - Marking
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
N/A 30 mm 50 mm/s 1
Balsa
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
10 mm 60 mm 40 mm/s 21
Balsa 2.0 mm
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
2 mm 60 mm 45 mm/s 7
Balsa 3mm
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
3 mm 60 mm 40 mm/s 7
Balsa 8mm
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
8 mm 60 mm 40 mm/s 19
Balsa 1mm
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
1mm 60 mm 4 mm/s 4
Dark Brown-Solid Leather (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 10L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.6 mm 60 mm 74 mm/s 4
Fiberglass with PVC sheath
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.25 mm 60 mm 8 mm/s 1
Fiber Reinforced
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.2 mm 60 mm 10 mm/s 2
Full Grain Leather Brown
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
1.5 mm 60 mm 30 mm/s 6
Green Plexiglass
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
3 mm 60 mm 6 mm/s 16
Plywood
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
3 mm 60 mm 5 mm/s 5
Poly Foam
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
15 mm 60 mm 233 mm/s 6
Poly Foam
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
20 mm 60 mm 13 mm/s 4
Polyester Elastic Gray
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.2 mm 60 mm 26 mm/s 2
Red Plexiglass
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
3.0 mm 60 mm 8 mm/s 21
Sandpaper
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.3 mm 60 mm 20 mm/s 1
Solid Leather (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 10L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
1.3 mm 60 mm 20 mm/s 4
Tablecloath
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.25 mm / 0.009" 60 mm 9 mm/s 2
Polypropylene (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 10L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
N/A 55 mm 25 mm/s 1
Natural Leather Engraving (0.1% power used)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
N/A 55 mm 1 mm/s 1
Natural Leather Engraving (0.1% power used)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
N/A 55 mm 1 mm/s 1
Natural Leather Engraving (0.1% power used)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
N/A 55 mm 1 mm/s 1
Green Anode (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
N/A 55 mm 84 mm 1
Green Ortalion (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 15L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.1 mm 55 mm 267 mm/s 1
Microsurfaced Impact Acrylic (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 15L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
1.8 mm 55 mm 15 mm/s 10
Poly Foam (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
20 mm 55 mm 13 mm/s 4
Rubber Stamp
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
2 mm 55 mm 17 mm/s 1
Rubber Thin (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 15L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.5 mm 55 mm 25 mm/s 1
Thermal Pad (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 15L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.3 mm 55 mm 9 mm/s 1
Transformer (Silicon) Steel Marking (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
12 mm 55 mm 50 mm/s 1
Stainless Steel (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
12 mm 55 mm 1.6 mm/s 1
Stainless Steel (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
1.5 mm 55 mm 8 mm/s 1
Stainless Steel (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
1.5 mm 55 mm 8 mm/s 1
Plywood (with 15L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
3 mm 4 mm 6 mm/s 1
Orange Transparent Plexiglass (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
3 mm 4 mm 100 mm/s 1
Natural Grain Leather (with 15L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
1.3 mm 4 mm 2 mm/s 1
Green Plexiglass (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
3 mm 4 mm 1 mm/s 1
Tool Steel (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
10 mm 4 mm 33 mm/s 1
Tool Steel (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
3 mm 4 mm 6 mm/s 1
Stainless Steel Knife (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
3 mm 4 mm 5 mm/s 1
White Marble (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
N/A 4 mm 16 mm/s 1
Steel (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
N/A 4 mm 100 mm/s 1
Schist (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
3 mm 4 mm 100 mm/s 1
Natural Grain Leather (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
1.3 mm 4 mm 20 mm/s 1
Decorative Curtain-Fabric Polyester (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.5 mm 4 mm 3 mm/s 2
Foam EVA (with 15L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
1.8 mm 4 mm 75 mm/s 1
Foam EVA (with 15L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
5 mm 4 mm 67 mm/s 2
Red Plexiglass Cutting (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
3 mm 4 mm 1.5 mm/s 1
Cotton Fabric (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
N/A 4 mm 60 mm/s 1
Cordura (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
0.35 mm 4 mm 50 mm/s 1
Black Leather (with 10L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
1.4 mm 4 mm 9 mm/s 1
Black Plexiglass (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
3 mm 4 mm 2.5 mm/s 1
Blended Granite (50% power)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Pass
N/A 4 mm 100 mm/s 1