Cutting and Engraving Tests

Engraving Tests

With PLH3D-6W engraving laser head, you can cut and engrave many types of materials. Engraving is much simpler because G-code generation requires only one pass with a properly matched speed. Many materials thicker than 0.5-1.5 mm need several passes for the laser to cut through whole depth. The exception is a foam and some soft materials which can be cut even with 10 mm step in some cases. The cutting method depends on the material structure and its density. For example, plexiglass, as well as hard plywood, are harder to cut and depending on the type they may need a few passes to cut through 1 mm of material thickness.

Information About Engraving Possibilities

MaterialCutMark / EngraveMax thickness tested with a cut
Paper 0.1 mm / 0.003"
Cardboard (hard) 3 mm / 0.118"
Cardboard (flute, wave) 6 mm / 0.236"
Balsa 10 mm / 0.393"
Plywood (soft) 6 mm / 0.236"
Plywood (hard) 3 mm / 0.118"
Wood 3 mm / 0.118"
Rubber (dark)1 1.5 mm / 0.059"
T-Shirt 0.5 mm / 0.019"
Jeans 0.8 mm / 0.031"
Plexiglass (color)3 3 mm / 0.118"
Plastic (dark) 1 mm / 0.039"
Artificial Leather 2 mm / 0.078"
Real Leather 2 mm / 0.078"
Felt 3 mm / 0.118"
Nylon 0.2 mm / 0.007"
Glass Reinforced Foil2 0.5 mm / 0.019"
Thermal Pad (foam) 3 mm / 0.118"
Thermal Pad (textile) 0.3 mm / 0.011"
Stretch Foil (dark) 0.005 mm / 0.0001"
Lead Foil 0.5 mm / 0.019"
Kapton Foil 0.2 mm / 0.007"
Foam (dark) 25 mm / 0.984"
PCB --
Carbon --
Glass (painted) --
Metal (painted) --
Stainless Steel --
Titanium --
Aluminum, Copper, Brass --

Notes:

  1. There are many types of rubber. High-temperature resistant rubber is not possible to cut. The laser may leave he mark on the surface in such case.
  2. It depends on the density of the glass threads and their thickness.
  3. It depends on the color, dark colors are much easier to cut. Transparent plexiglass is not possible to cut
Engraving Speed for PLH3D-2W 1 [mm/s]Engraving Speed for PLH3D-6W-XF 1 [mm/s]Engraving Speed for PLH3D-6W-uSpot [mm/s]
Best Focus2 Square Spot3 Best Focus2 Square Spot3 Best Focus2 Square Spot3
Leather >80 24 >80 45 >80 60
Soft Plywood 15 9 >80 33 >80 45
Cardboard >80 45 >80 >80 >80 >80
White Paper 12 6 >80 21 >80 27
Black Anodized Aluminum >80 >80 33
Stainless Steel 1.5 15 1.5

Notes:

  1. Equipped with High Resolution Engraving Lens for maximum engraving performance.
  2. Engraving plane is set exactly at focus plane
  3. Engraving plane is placed 4.4 mm / 0.173" ( for PLH3D-6W-XF and PLH3D-2W) and 1.8 mm / 0.070" (for PLH3D-6W-uSpot) from focus plane to achive symetrical square spot
Balsa
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
10 mm / 0.393" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 22.5 mm/s 1.0 mm / 0.039"
Wood Engraving
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 60.0 mm / 2.362" 40.0 mm/s 0 mm / 0"
Hardwood (Plywood)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
3 mm / 0.118" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 10 mm/s 0.3 mm / 0.011"
5-Layers Cardboard
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
5 mm / 0.196" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 10 mm/s 1.25 mm / 0.049"
Binder Board
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
2.3 mm / 0.090" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 6 mm/s 0.5 mm / 0.019"
Black PET
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.3 mm / 0.011" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 25 mm/s 0 mm / 0"
Fiber-Reinforced Foil – Dark
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.3 mm / 0.011" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 3 mm/s 0 mm / 0"
Fiber-Reinforced Foil – Light
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.2 mm / 0.007" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 4 mm/s 0 mm / 0"
Green Ortalion
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.1 mm / 0.004" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 150.0 mm/s 0 mm / 0"
Green Pad
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.5 mm / 0.019" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 6 mm/s 0 mm / 0"
Grey Pad
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.5 mm / 0.019" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 6 mm/s 0 mm / 0"
Thermal Pad
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.3 mm / 0.011" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 5.0 mm/s 0 mm / 0"
Rubber
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.5 mm / 0.019" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 15.0 mm/s 0.25 / 0.009"
Plexiglass - Green
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
3 mm / 0.118" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 2.0 mm/s 0.75 mm / 0.029"
Plexiglass - Red
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
3 mm / 0.118" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 2.0 mm/s 0.75 mm / 0.029"
Transparent Polymer
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.5 mm / 0.019" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 5.0 mm/s 0 mm / 0"
T-Shirt
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.5 mm / 0.019" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 35.0 mm/s 0 mm / 0"
Tablecloath
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.25 mm / 0.009" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 8.0 mm/s 0 mm / 0"
Jeans
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.5 mm / 0.019" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 8.0 mm/s 0 mm / 0"
Full Grain Leather
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
1.5 mm / 0.059" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 2.5 mm/s 0.75 mm / 0.029"
Stainless steel - Engraving
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 60.0 mm / 2.362" 0.5 mm/s 0 mm / 0"
Stainless steel - Engraving
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 60.0 mm / 2.362" 3 mm/s 0 mm / 0"
Painted Metal - Powdered
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 60.0 mm / 2.362" 15.0 mm/s 0 mm / 0"
Anodized Aluminum - Engraving
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 30.0 mm / 1.181" 50.0 mm/s 0 mm / 0"
Blue Sleeve - Engraving
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 30.0 mm / 1.181" 50.0 mm/s 0 mm / 0"
Gold Sleeve - Engraving
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 30.0 mm / 1.181" 50.0 mm/s 0 mm / 0"
Balsa
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
10 mm / 0.394" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 9.0 mm/s 1 mm / 0.039"
Hardwood (Plywood)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
4 mm / 0.157" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 7.5 mm/s 0.3 mm / 0.011"
T-Shirt
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.5 mm / 0.019" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 25 mm/s 0 mm / 0"
Tablecloath
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.25 mm / 0.009" 60.0 mm / 2.362" 4 mm/s 0 mm / 0"