Laser Cutting & Laser Engraving Materials with CNC Lasers

Engraving Tests

With the PLH3D series engraving laser heads, many types of materials can be cut and engraved. Engraving is much simpler as the generation of the G-code requires only one pass at an appropriately selected speed. Many materials thicker than 0.5-1.5 mm require several passes for the laser to cut the entire depth. The exceptions are foam and some soft materials, which in some cases can be cut with up to 10 mm steps. The cutting method depends on the structure of the material and its density. Plexiglas, for example, as well as hard plywood, are more difficult to cut and, depending on the type, may require several passes to cut through 1 mm of material thickness.

Information About Engraving Possibilities

MaterialCutMark / EngraveMax thickness tested with a cut
Paper 0.1 mm / 0.003"
Cardboard (hard) 3 mm / 0.118"
Cardboard (flute, wave) 6 mm / 0.236"
Balsa 10 mm / 0.393"
Plywood (soft) 6 mm / 0.236"
Plywood (hard) 3 mm / 0.118"
Wood 3 mm / 0.118"
Rubber (dark)1 1.5 mm / 0.059"
T-Shirt 0.5 mm / 0.019"
Jeans 0.8 mm / 0.031"
Plexiglass (color)3 3 mm / 0.118"
Plastic (dark) 1 mm / 0.039"
Artificial Leather 2 mm / 0.078"
Real Leather 2 mm / 0.078"
Felt 3 mm / 0.118"
Nylon 0.2 mm / 0.007"
Glass Reinforced Foil2 0.5 mm / 0.019"
Thermal Pad (foam) 3 mm / 0.118"
Thermal Pad (textile) 0.3 mm / 0.011"
Stretch Foil (dark) 0.005 mm / 0.0001"
Lead Foil 0.5 mm / 0.019"
Kapton Foil 0.2 mm / 0.007"
Foam (dark) 25 mm / 0.984"
PCB --
Carbon --
Glass (painted) --
Metal (painted) --
Stainless Steel --
Titanium --
Aluminum, Copper, Brass --

Notes:

  1. There are many types of rubber. High-temperature resistant rubber is not possible to cut. The laser may leave he mark on the surface in such case.
  2. It depends on the density of the glass threads and their thickness.
  3. It depends on the color, dark colors are much easier to cut. Transparent plexiglass is not possible to cut
Engraving Speed for PLH3D-2W 1 [mm/s]Engraving Speed for PLH3D-6W-XF 1 [mm/s]Engraving Speed for PLH3D-6W-uSpot [mm/s]Engraving Speed for PLH3D-15W [mm/s]
Best Focus2 Square Spot3 Best Focus2 Square Spot3 Best Focus2 Square Spot3 Best Focus2
Leather >80 24 >80 45 >80 60 160
Soft Plywood 15 9 >80 33 >80 45
Cardboard >80 45 >80 >80 >80 >80
White Paper 12 6 >80 21 >80 27
Black Anodized Aluminum >80 >80 33
Stainless Steel 1.5* 15* 1.5* 6
*Marking, not Engraving.

Notes:

  1. Equipped with High Resolution Engraving Lens for maximum engraving performance.
  2. Engraving plane is set exactly at focus plane
  3. Engraving plane is placed 4.4 mm / 0.173" ( for PLH3D-6W-XF and PLH3D-2W) and 1.8 mm / 0.070" (for PLH3D-6W-uSpot) from focus plane to achive symetrical square spot
Balsa
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
10 mm 60 mm 9 mm/s 1 mm
Hardwood (Plywood)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
4 mm 60 mm 7.5 mm/s 0.3 mm
T-Shirt
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.5 mm 60 mm 25 mm/s 0 mm"
Tablecloath
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.25 mm 60 mm 4 mm/s 0 mm
Balsa
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
2 mm 60 mm 38 mm/s 7 mm"
Balsa
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
3 mm 60 mm 38 mm/s 10 mm"
Balsa
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
10 mm 60 mm 22.5 mm/s 1 mm"
Cardboard Laser Cutting
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
5 mm 60 mm 10 mm/s 1.25 mm
Wood Laser Engraving
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 60 mm 40 mm/s 0 mm
ABS - Engraving
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 60 mm 50 mm/s 1 mm
Black PET
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.3 mm 60 mm 25 mm/s 0 mm
Fiber-Reinforced Foil – Dark
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.3 mm 60 mm 3 mm/s 0 mm
Full Grain Leather
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
1.5 mm 60 mm 15 mm/s 23 mm
Green Ortalion
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.1 mm 60 mm 150 mm/s 0 mm
Red Rubber
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
3 mm 60 mm 15 mm/s 21 mm
Tablecloath
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.25 mm 60 mm 8 mm/s 9 mm
T-shirt
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.5 mm 60 mm 35 mm/s 0 mm
Thermal Pad
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.3 mm 60 mm 5 mm/s 0 mm
Foam EVA
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
9.85 mm 60 mm 25 mm/s 4 mm
Polyfoam
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
15 mm 60 mm 8 mm/s 10 mm
Green Pad
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.5 mm 60 mm 6 mm/s 0 mm
Green Plexiglass
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
3.0 mm 60 mm 5 mm/s 29 mm
Red Plexiglass
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
3 mm 60 mm 6 mm/s 23 mm
PCB-Soldermask
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 60 mm 100 mm/s 1 mm
Anodized Aluminum - Marking
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 30 mm 50 mm/s 0 mm
Painted Metal - Marking
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 60 mm 15 mm/s 0 mm
Stainless Steel - Marking
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 60 mm 0.5 mm/s 0 mm
Stainless Steel - Marking
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
1.5 mm 30 mm 3 mm/s 0 mm
Red sleeve Anodized Aluminium - Marking
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 60 mm 10-80 mm/s 0 mm
Blue Sleeve Anodized Aluminium - Marking
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 30 mm 50 mm/s 0 mm
Gold Sleeve Anodized Aluminium - Marking
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 30 mm 50 mm/s 0 mm
Balsa
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
10 mm 60 mm 9 mm/s 1 mm
Balsa 2.0 mm
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
2 mm 60 mm 45 mm/s 4 mm
Balsa 3mm
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
3 mm 60 mm 40 mm/s 7 mm
Balsa 8mm
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
8 mm 60 mm 40 mm/s 19 mm
Balsa 1mm
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
1mm 60 mm 4 mm/s 4 mm
Dark Brown-Solid Leather (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 10L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.6 mm 60 mm 74 mm/s 4 mm
Fiberglass with PVC sheath
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.25 mm 60 mm 8 mm/s 1 mm
Fiber Reinforced
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.2 mm 60 mm 10 mm/s 2 mm
Full Grain Leather Brown
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
1.5 mm 60 mm 30 mm/s 6 mm
Green Plexiglass
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
3 mm 60 mm 6 mm/s 16 mm
Plywood
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
3 mm 60 mm 5 mm/s 5 mm
Poly Foam
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
15 mm 60 mm 233 mm/s 6 mm
Poly Foam
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
20 mm 60 mm 13 mm/s 4 mm
Polyester Elastic Gray
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.2 mm 60 mm 26 mm/s 2 mm
Red Plexiglass
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
3.0 mm 60 mm 8 mm/s 21 mm
Sandpaper
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.3 mm 60 mm 20 mm/s 1 mm
Solid Leather (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 10L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
1.3 mm 60 mm 20 mm/s 4 mm
Tablecloath
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.25 mm / 0.009" 60 mm 9 mm/s 2 mm
Polypropylene (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 10L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 55 mm 25 mm/s 1 mm
Natural Leather Engraving (0.1% power used)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 55 mm 1 mm/s 0.0 mm
Natural Leather Engraving (0.1% power used)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 55 mm 1 mm/s 0.0 mm
Natural Leather Engraving (0.1% power used)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 55 mm 1 mm/s 0.0 mm
Green Anode (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 55 mm 84 mm 1 mm
Green Ortalion (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 15L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.1 mm 55 mm 267 mm/s 1 mm
Microsurfaced Impact Acrylic (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 15L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
1.8 mm 55 mm 15 mm/s 10 mm
Poly Foam (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
20 mm 55 mm 13 mm/s 4 mm
Rubber Stamp (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 15L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
2 mm 55 mm 17 mm/s 1 mm
Rubber Thin (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 15L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.5 mm 55 mm 25 mm/s 1 mm
Thermal Pad (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 15L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.3 mm 55 mm 9 mm/s 1 mm
Stainless Steel (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
12 mm 55 mm 200 mm/s 1 mm
Stainless Steel (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 10L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
12 mm 55 mm 1.6 mm/s 1 mm
Stainless Steel (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
1.5 mm 55 mm 8 mm/s 1 mm
Stainless Steel (with High-Pressure Air-Nozzle on 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
1.5 mm 55 mm 8 mm/s 1 mm
Plywood (with 15L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
3 mm 4 mm 6 mm/s 1 mm
Orange Transparent Plexiglass (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
3 mm 4 mm 100 mm/s 1 mm
Natural Grain Leather (with 15L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
1.3 mm 4 mm 2 mm/s 2 mm
Green Plexiglass (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
3 mm 4 mm 1 mm/s 1 mm
Tool Steel (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
10 mm 4 mm 33 mm/s 1 mm
Tool Steel (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
3 mm 4 mm 6 mm/s 1 mm
Stainless Steel Knife (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
3 mm 4 mm 5 mm/s 1 mm
White Marble (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 4 mm 16 mm/s 1 mm
Steel (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 4 mm 100 mm/s 1 mm
Schist (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
3 mm 4 mm 100 mm/s 1 mm
Natural Grain Leather (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
1.3 mm 4 mm 20 mm/s 1 mm
Decorative Curtain-Fabric Polyester (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.5 mm 4 mm 3 mm/s 2 mm
Foam EVA (with 15L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
1.8 mm 4 mm 75 mm/s 1 mm
Foam EVA (with 15L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
5 mm 4 mm 67 mm/s 2 mm
Red Plexiglass Cutting (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
3 mm 4 mm 1.5 mm/s 1 mm
Cotton Fabric (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 4 mm 60 mm/s 1 mm
Cordura (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
0.35 mm 4 mm 50 mm/s 1 mm
Black Leather (with 10L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
1.4 mm 4 mm 9 mm/s 1 mm
Black Plexiglass (with 5L/min airflow)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
3 mm 4 mm 2.5 mm/s 1 mm
Blended Granite (50% power)
Material thickness Working Distance Feed Rate Step
N/A 4 mm 100 mm/s 1 mm